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IELTS General Reading Practice Test 39 With Answers

IELTS General Reading Practice Test 39 With Answers

IELTS-General-Reading-Practice-Test-39-With-Answers
IELTS-General-Reading-Practice-Test-39-With-Answers

Section 1

Question 1-14

You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1-14 which are based on the text below.

Read the text below and answer Questions 1-8.
 

THE EMPLOYMENT PAGES Saturday Edition

IELTS General Reading Practice Test 39 With Answers

Australia’s biggest daily to find the selection of job ads –

helping perfect position for you

Saturday Job Guide

      A     Government Positions (New South Wales)
      B     Higher Education (Academic staff)
      C     Primary and Secondary Schools (Academic staff)
      D     Hospitals and Medical (Medical staff)
      E     IT and Computing
      F     Accountancy and Finance (Private)
      G     Hospitality and Kitchen Staff
      H     Self-employment Opportunities
      I     Rural Posts (incl. farm work)
      J     Casual Work Available

Monday – Friday Job Highlights

TUESDAY:    
      Education
      Local Government
            
THURSDAY:    
      Hospital and Medical
      Government Health Vacancies (New South Wales)
 

Questions 1-6

IELTS General Reading Practice Test 39 With Answers

Look at the ten categories of job advertisement A-J, in the Saturday Job Guide.

Write the correct letter A-J in boxes 1-6 on your answer sheet.



Which category of job advertisement should you look at if –

1.  you are looking for a job as a university lecturer? 
2.  you want to start your own business?
3.  you want a permanent job in a hotel? 
4.  you are looking for a job in public administration? 
5.  you are looking for agricultural work in the country? 
6.  you are looking for temporary work?

Questions 7-8

IELTS General Reading Practice Test 39 With Answers

Look at the information on the given page and answer Questions 7 and 8.

Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the text, for each answer.



Write your answers in boxes 7 and 8 on your answer sheet.

7.  On which two days does the newspaper advertise jobs for teachers?  
8.  On which two days does the newspaper advertise jobs for nurses? 

Read the text below and answer Questions 9-14.

STANFIELD THEATRE


BOOKING

There are four easy ways to book seats for performances:

– in person
The Box Office is open Monday to Saturday, 10 am-8 pm.

– by post
Simply complete the booking form and return it to Stanfield Theatre Box Office, PO Box 220, Stanfield, ST55 6GF AII cheques should be made payable to Stanfield Theatre.

– by telephone
Ring 01316 753219 to reserve your tickets or to pay by credit card (Visa, Mastercard and Amex accepted).

– online
Complete the online booking form at www.stanfieldtheatre.com

DISCOUNTS

Saver: £2 off any seat booked any time in advance for performances from Monday to Thursday inclusive, and for all matinees. Savers are available for children up to 16 years old, over 60s, and full-time students.

Supersaver: half-price seats are available for people with disabilities and one companion. It is advisable to book in advance. There is a maximum of eight wheelchair spaces available and one wheelchair space will be held until one hour before the show (subject to availability).

Standby: best available seats are on sale for £6 from one hour before the performance for people eligible for Saver and Supersaver discounts and thirty minutes before for all other customers.

Group Bookings: there is a ten per cent discount for parties of twelve or more.

Schools: school parties of ten or more can book £6 Standby tickets in advance and will get every tenth ticket free.

Please note: we are unable to exchange tickets or refund money unless a performance is cancelled due to unforeseen circumstances.

GIFT VOUCHERS

Gift vouchers for any value can be bought at the Box Office.

Questions 9-14

IELTS General Reading Practice Test 39 With Answers

Do the following statements agree with the information given in the reading passage above?

In boxes 9-14 on your answer sheet, write

    TRUE    if the statement agrees with the information
     FALSE    if the statement contradicts the information
     NOT GIVEN    if there is no information on this

9.  It is possible to book tickets for performances using the Internet.  
10.  60-year-olds who want to book in advance have to prove their age to get a discount.
11.  Someone accompanying a wheelchair user to a performance receives a discount.  
12.  Students can get Standby tickets 45 minutes before a performance begins.  
13.  A group of ten adults going to a performance can claim a discount.  
14.  Theatre-goers who are unexpectedly unable to attend a performance can get their money back.  
 

Section 2

Question 15-27

IELTS General Reading Practice Test 39 With Answers

You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 15-27 which are based on the text below.

Read the text below and answer Questions 15-20.
 

THE ABC’S OF CV WRITING

Your Curriculum Vitae (CV) is one of the most important documents you will ever write. This summary of your academic and work history is an essential tool in your job search and commonly the first form of contact with a potential employer.

With so many people in the job market it is your responsibility to ‘sell’ yourself, so before you put pen to paper, it is worthwhile taking time to carefully think about your approach.  To assist you in this process we have listed the most common advice for preparing your CV below:

A  

Your main goal is to demonstrate a match between your accomplishments and the position you are applying for. The job description will outline the qualifications and requisites for the position, so read it carefully.

B   

Update your CV each time you apply for a job, specifically tailoring it to each position.

C   

If you are applying for a position in another country, present your academic and work achievements in terms your future employer will understand and demonstrate your familiarity with the culture and business practices, where possible.

D   

The format of your CV is always important.  A clear, concise presentation will make your application stand out and be easier to read.  A summary on page one, outlining your key strengths will draw attention to your best features.  The use of bullet points in the formatting can not only contribute to brevity, but also increase the impact of your CV.

E   

Never send out a CV without a covering letter highlighting the areas of your CV that particularly relate to the job being advertised.

F    

In their enthusiasm for a particular position, some people may be tempted to exaggerate on their CVs. Employers are aware of this tendency and will check any claims you make concerning your experience, qualifications or remuneration levels. It pays to be truthful. If you are caught lying, your application will not be considered.

G   

Grammatical and spelling errors are unacceptable in a CV however, they are one of the most common problems. Your CV must have no mistakes and be attractively presented. A good strategy is to ask someone to check it for you before it is submitted to make sure it is error-free.

  

If you have difficulty writing your CV and feel that it will detract from your job application, there are professional services that will assist you for a reasonable fee.

Questions 15-20

IELTS General Reading Practice Test 39 With Answers

Complete each of the sentences below.

Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the text for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 15-20 on your answer sheet.

15.  A CV is usually the initial ……………… made with a future boss.
16.  Writing a CV requires a well-considered ……………… .
17.  All ……………… must show a relationship with the desired position.
18.  The requirements of a position are explained in the ……………… . 
19.  In addition to a CV, applications must also include a ……………… .
20. If CV writing is too challenging, consider help from ……………… .
 

Read the text below and answer Questions 21-27.

WAITING AT JAKARTA MAHAL

When you finally hear the words ‘Congratulations, you’ve been hired!’ from the supervisor of the famous Jakarta Mahal Indian Restaurant, you might wonder ‘Now what do I do?’

On your first day, you will be assigned to an experienced employee who will act as your adviser for the first week. Your mentor will also take you on a tour of the restaurant to familiarise you with the layout. Once you know where everything is and have met the staff, you will be advised of the daily routine. An important key to success is to memorise this and faithfully adhere to it.

.

Upon arrival at the restaurant, change into your uniform – ensure it is ironed and stain-free. Depending on the time of the day, you may be required to lay the tables and stock the service areas with supplies of coffee, tea, clean tableware and linen. Once those tasks are complete, familiarise yourself with the menu and any alterations made since you were last on duty.  Pay particular attention to the daily specials and check the drinks menu and wine list. It may be necessary to consult with the head waiter about the dishes on offer so you can answer queries, which could include describing cooking methods and ingredients.

Be on hand to greet the patrons, answer their questions, and escort them to their table. When everyone is seated and has a menu, take their drink orders and inform them of the specials of the day. Be prepared to make recommendations if requested to do so.

.

Take the meal orders when the guests indicate they are ready and check to see if additional beverages are needed. When the meals are ready they should be served quickly and efficiently.

A hallmark of an excellent waiter is table maintenance. During the meal ensure that empty glasses, dirty dishes and unused cutlery are removed. Also, be alert for anyone looking around in need of assistance.

Be sure to check the bill before presenting it to the guests, making sure it is itemised and that the total and sales tax is correct. After you have collected payment and taken leave of your patrons, it is time to reset the table and begin again.

Questions 21-27

IELTS General Reading Practice Test 39 With Answers

Complete the flow-chart below.

Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the text for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 21-27 on your answer sheet.

DAILY ACTIVITIES AT JAKARTA MAHAL


Waiters must put on a clean 21 ……..……
                       ↓
Become aware of any changes to 22 ……..……
                       ↓
Prepare for questions about the menu by talking to the 23 ……..……
                       ↓
Tell guests about specials after they have been 24  ……..……
                       ↓
Once meal orders have been taken, inquire about 25 ……..……
                       ↓
Writes all sales tax on 26 ……..……
                       ↓
After guests have left, 27 ……..……

Section 3

Question 28-40

IELTS General Reading Practice Test 39 With Answers

You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 28-40 which are based on the text below.

Read the text below and answer Questions 28-40.
 

PTEROSAURS

Remains of the pterosaur, a cousin of the dinosaur, are found on every continent.
Richard Monastersky reports

A.  

Pterosaurs stand out as one of nature’s great success stories. They first appeared during the Triassic period, 215 million years ago, and thrived for 150 million years before becoming extinct at the end of the Cretaceous period. Uncontested in the air, pterosaurs colonised all continents and evolved into a vast array of shapes and sizes.

Image: The Pterosaur: a flying reptile that lived during the time of the dinosaur

IELTS GT Reading - Pterosaur
B. 

Until recently, most scientists would not have put pterosaurs in the same class as birds in terms of flying ability. Because pterosaurs were reptiles, generations of researchers imagined that these creatures must have been cold-blooded, like modern snakes and lizards. This would have made flying awkward, as they would have lacked the endurance to power their muscles for long periods of time.

C.  

In the past three decades, however, a number of fossil* discoveries have prompted researchers to re-examine their views. The new picture of pterosaurs reveals that they were unlike any modern reptile. From a fossil discovered in Kazakhstan, scientists suspect that pterosaurs had a covering resembling fur. If so, this detail provides evidence of a warm-blooded body that could maintain the kind of effort needed to stay in the air. Indeed, scientists now believe that many pterosaurs were gifted air¬borne predators, built to feed while in flight. And, in fact, such controversy has surrounded pterosaurs since the first discovery of one in the early 1700s.

D.  

Cosimo Alessandro Collini, the first natural historian to study the fossil and describe it, was unable to classify it. It was not until 1791 that the great French anatomist Georges Cuvier deduced that the animal was, in fact, a flying reptile, whose fourth finger supported a wing. He named the fossil Pterodactylus, combining the Greek words for wing and finger. A few decades later, the name pterosaur, or winged reptile, was adopted to describe the growing list of similar fossils.

E. 

In 1873, a remarkable pterosaur specimen came to light that confirmed Cuvier’s deduction. Unlike earlier fossils, this new find near the Bavarian town of Solnhofen contained delicate wing impressions, establishing definitely that the extinct reptile was capable of flight. Even though over a thousand pterosaur specimens have known today, such wing impressions remain rare. Normally only bones survive the fossilisation process.

F. 

But how pterosaurs learnt to fly remains a matter for disagreement. Most researchers conclude that pterosaurs are descended from a small tree-dwelling reptile that spent its life jumping between branches. This creature would have spread its limbs, and used flaps of skin attached to its limbs and body to help it to land gently on the ground.

Over many generations the fourth finger on each of its front ‘arms’ would have grown longer, making the skin surface larger and enabling the animal to glide farther. Meanwhile, the competing argument holds that pterosaurs developed from two-legged reptiles that ran along the ground, perhaps spreading their arms for balance. Through gradual growth, the front arms would then have evolved into wings. This difficult issue will only be resolved with the discovery of earlier forms of pterosaurs.

G.  

‘It’s very difficult to say how pterosaurs changed over time because the earliest fossils we have are of pterosaurs whose fourth finger has already transformed into a wing,’ says Fabio Dalla Vecchia, an Italian researcher. In fact, the earliest known pterosaurs came from the mountains of northern Italy, where he has spent years searching for flying reptiles. These species have shorter wings than later forms, but there is evidence that they were skilful fliers, capable of catching fish over open water. Proof of this has been found in the fossil of a Eudimorphodon, a 215-million-year-old pterosaur found near Bergamo, Italy. Under a microscope, several fish scales can be seen in the abdomen of the specimen -the remains of the pterosaur’s last meal.

H. 

A different but equally impressive sight is the life-size model of Quetzalcoatlus northropi, which stares down at visitors in the Museum of Flying in Santa Monica, California. It has a beak the size of a man and wings wider than those of many of the planes exhibited nearby. This pterosaur had wings over 11 metres wide, making it the largest flying animal ever known.

I. 

Quetzalcoatlus represents the height of pterosaur evolution. ‘Unlike smaller pterosaurs, it could use natural currents to stay in the air without having to move its wings continuously,’ said Paul MacCready, an aeronautical engineer. ‘As pterosaurs got larger, they discovered the benefits of gliding on air currents, making use of a free energy source. With their hollow bones, these pterosaurs had a very light construction, ideal for such activity.’

J.  

As we walked beneath the Quetzalcoatlus model in Santa Monica, MacCready pointed out its similarity to sailplanes, the most efficient kind of aeroplanes. Both have long slender wings designed to fly with minimum power. During the flight, sailplane pilots routinely search for places where heat rises from the sun-baked earth, creating hot air currents called thermals. Undoubtedly, Quetzalcoatlus would have used thermals as well, lazily circling over the river deltas that once covered parts of Texas.

K.  

The triumphant reign of pterosaurs ended with this giant flier. At the end of the Cretaceous period 65 million years ago, a meteorite or comet slammed into the Earth. That calamity – and other events-wiped out roughly three-quarters of all species, including all pterosaurs and dinosaurs. But before their disappearance, pterosaurs enjoyed unequalled success. They flew into sunny skies before any other vertebrate. For 150 million years they sailed the winds on the strength of a fragile finger. What a glorious ride they had.

Questions 28-34

IELTS General Reading Practice Test 39 With Answers

Reading Passage “Pterosaurs” has eleven paragraphs, A-K.

Which paragraph contains the following information?

Write the correct letter, A-K, in boxes 28-34 on your answer sheet.

28.  similarities between pterosaurs and mechanical flight  
29.  the identification of the type of creature a pterosaur actually was  
30.  conflicting theories about how pterosaurs came to fly  
31.  the cause of the widespread destruction of animal life on our planet  
32.  the fact that pterosaurs once existed all over the world  
33.  the first clear proof that pterosaurs could fly  
34.  concrete evidence that pterosaurs hunted their food from the air 

Questions 35-38

Look at the following statements (Questions 35-38) and the list of people below.

Match each statement with the correct person, A, B, C or D.

Write the correct letter, A, B, C or D, in boxes 35-38 on your answer sheet.

35.  He refers to the difficulty of determining how pterosaurs evolved without further evidence.  
36.  He failed to interpret the evidence before him.  
37.  He gave an appropriate name to the first pterosaur that was discovered.  
38.  He mentions the ability of pterosaurs to take advantage of their environment. 

List of People

A     Cosimo Alessandro Collini
B     Georges Cuvier
C     Fabio dalla Vecchia
D     Paul MacCready

Questions 39 and 40

IELTS General Reading Practice Test 39 With Answers

Answer the questions below.

Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER from the Reading Passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 39 and 40 on your answer sheet.

39.  So far, evidence of a total of …………………. pterosaurs has been discovered.  
40.  The wings of Quetzalcoatlus measured more than …………………. across. 

ANSWER KEY
IELTS General Reading Test 38