General Ielts Reading Material

IELTS General Reading Practice Test 41 With Answers

IELTS General Reading Practice Test 41 With Answers

Section 1

Question 1-15

You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1-15 which are based on the text below.

Read the text below and answer Questions 1-11.

Border Regulations and Visa Applications

If you wish to come to the United Kingdom, either as a visitor or a student, you may need to apply for a visa. Visas vary according to your age, the length of your stay and your level of English study.

The following visa types are available:

A.  Child Student
B.  Child Visitor
C.  Adult Student
D.  Student Visitor
E.  Prospective Student

The UK operates a points-based system which will decide whether or not you can apply for a visa. You need 40 points in order to apply for a visa. You will obtain 30 points if you have confirmation from the college, university or school that you have been accepted on a course. Your chosen place of studies must be registered on the UK Border Agency list of sponsors. You can obtain a list by clicking on the link below.

You will need to earn a further 10 by demonstrating that you cover the cost of your study fees and living costs. In doing so, you can rest assured that you will avoid financial difficulties while you are studying.


If you wish to extend your study experience in the UK, you will need to pass a further points-based assessment to ensure that you have been accepted on another course and that you can afford to pay the fees and living costs.

To make your UK study experience even richer, you may be eligible for a work and study visa. Getting a job while you are studying can improve your language skills and enhance your CV by showing that you are flexible, team-oriented and well-organised.


You will also be able to get a reference from your employer which will help you gain employment in the future. Before accepting a job, you must find out whether your visa allows you to work in the UK, and the maximum number of hours you can work each week from the UK Border Agency. Most UK places of study have a career service which will help you to access job listings, write a CV or application form and prepare for a job interview.


To work in the UK you will need a National Insurance number. This number is used to deduct money from your earnings to fund benefits for the unemployed, incapacitated and retired. To obtain a national insurance number, you will need to attend an interview.

You can make an appointment for an interview by calling 0845 600 0643 during usual office hours. And you will need to take proof of identity, proof of your right to work in the UK and written proof of your job offer. You may start work before your number is issued as long as your employer deducts the appropriate national insurance contributions from your pay.

Question 1- 5

IELTS General Reading Practice Test 41 With Answers

Each of the short paragraphs of the passage “Border Regulations and Visa Applications” gives information about the five types of visa A-E.

Read each paragraph and choose which of the five links would contain this information.

Write letters, i- vi, in boxes 1-5 on your answer sheet

NB. There is one paragraph that you do not need.

Visa Types

1. A.  Child Student
2. B.  Child Visitor
3. C.  Adult Student
4. D.  Student Visitor
5. E.  Prospective Student

paragraph i.

If you have already completed a course of study in the UK and do not intend to study further, you can apply for this visa to extend your stay. This visa allows you to work in the UK for a further 6 months.

paragraph ii.

If you are under the age of 17 and wish to study for less than six months, you can apply for this visa. If you wish to extend your course of study, you may not swap to a student visa while you are in the UK. You must return to your home country and do so there.

paragraph iii. 

Students in post-16 education can apply for this visa. This visa is suitable for students attending courses for over six months. Holders of this visa may be eligible to work in the UK.

paragraph iv. 

Students over the age of 18 who wish to study for up to six months can apply for this visa. This visa does not allow students to work in the UK. Students may only extend their visa or switch to a student visa by returning to their home country.

paragraph v. 

You can apply for this visa if you are between the ages of 4 and 15 and intend to attend a full-time, fee-paying independent school for a period of over six months or more. 16 and 17 year olds may attend part-time, fee-paying establishments.

paragraph vi. 

If you want to come to the UK before choosing your course of study, you can apply for this visa. You will need to start your course within 6 months of arrival. You may switch to an adult or child student visa while in the UK without returning to your home country.

Question 6- 11

IELTS General Reading Practice Test 41 With Answers

Choose the correct answer a, b,  or c and write them in boxes 6-11 on your answer sheet.

6. You can obtain 30 points towards your visa if…

a) You have already paid your school or college fees. 
b) You have been accepted onto a course of study…
c) You have proof that you can cover your study fees…

7. If you want to extend your study visa…

a) You only need to obtain 30 points
b) You do not need to repeat the point-assessment
c) You will need to do the process again

8. You can work in the UK if…

a) You are legally eligible
b) You are studying full time
c) You have 40 points

IELTS General Reading Practice Test 41 With Answers

9. For advice on finding a job, the writer suggests that you contact… 

a) The UK Border Agency 
b) A Career Service
c) The National Insurance Agency

10. Your national insurance number will ensure that…

a) You receive all the money you earn
b) You receive money if you lose your job
c) Some money is taken from your earning

11. You can start work…

a) After applying for a National Insurance Number
b) Once you have received your National Insurance Number
c) If your employer pays your contribution instead of you

Read the course outline below and answer Questions 12–15

Business School Online

Our courses can be started anytime from anywhere in the world and completed at your own pace. A certificate is issued on successful completion of the course.


Duration: 100 Hours
Course Materials: Upon enrolment, you will receive all of the materials that are essential to complete the course. Course materials include subject guides, printed notes, textbooks, videos and practical equipment. In certain circumstances, you may be required to do extra research – in which case your tutor is able to advise you where necessary.

Course Outline: There are ten lessons in this course, each requiring about 10-12 hours work by the student. This course is designed as a program to help you understand the marketing world, then, to assist you in making decisions and developing skills in marketing. Emphasis is placed on profitability and efficiency!


Go shopping (your routine weekly shopping if you like). Take notice of how different sales staff communicate with you. Note the techniques they use (verbal and non-verbal), and how effective they are. Note the type of impression they seem to be creating. When you come home, write down notes on your observations.


Look through newspapers or magazines at advertisements or articles which discuss products offered for sale and find what you consider to be good examples of each of the following types of communication:

a. Verbal communication
b. Non-verbal communication
c. Combination of verbal and non-verbal communication

Explain why you think these are good examples?


Select a product or service for which you would like to improve the marketing. This might be something you are dealing with in your own business or a business you work for; or it might be something you think has potential — an idea you would like to develop into a business OR something another business is dealing with, but not handling as well as you think they could.

Questions 12-15

IELTS General Reading Practice Test 41 With Answers

Do the following statements agree with the “Business School Online” reading text?

In boxes 12-15 on your answer sheet write

    TRUE    if the statement agrees with the text
    FALSE   if the statement contradicts the text
    NOT GIVEN    if it is not given in the reading text

12. Someone from any part of the world can take this course.
13. If you take this course you will have to do extra research.
14. The course is designed to develop a student’s skills in marketing.
15. A student has to complete three assignments to complete this course.

Section 2

Question 16-28

IELTS General Reading Practice Test 41 With Answers

You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 16-28 which are based on the text below.

Read the text below and answer Questions 16-20.


General LRC rules

We have a number of simple rules to help you use the LRC. Please cooperate and enjoy your visit with us.

•  No eating or drinking
•  No copying of audio cassettes

Please work quietly. This is a library and many students are studying for exams.

Using the LRC

•  You can use the LRC either on your own during self-access times or you may use it with your teacher as part of a lesson.

•  If you use it as a self-access student you must scan your borrower barcode (issued by the library staff) when entering and leaving. The LRC is for use by Language Centre students only.

•  All bags must be put in the bag-rack.

•  Always work quietly.


We have a photocopier available. Please ask the library staff to help you. The cost is 20c for one A4 sheet.

Borrowing from the LRC

Language Centre students are permitted to borrow materials from the library. Other schools’ students must use the facilities at their own schools.

Full-time students: Give your photo-ID card to the librarian and you will get an LRC number. Part-time students: You will need to bring your $50.00 deposit receipt from the cashier. When your course finishes, bring your library card back and your deposit will be refunded in cash.


Language students can borrow up to 4 items (of which no more than 2 can be kits) at one time. Kits are bags containing book(s) plus cassette(s).

All teacher trainee students may borrow up to 3 items:

  •   IELTS materials 1 week
  •   Listening kits 1 week
  •   Most other books 2 weeks

Books marked REF in red are reference books and cannot be taken out of the library. Books marked REF in green may be removed by staff only.


Most items can be renewed once. IELTS materials cannot be renewed.

Questions 16-20

IELTS General Reading Practice Test 41 With Answers

Use NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS OR NUMBERS from the passage to answer the questions below.

Write your answers in boxes 16-20 on your answer sheet.

16.  Which students may use the LRC?
17.  What must full-time students show in order to receive an LRC number?
18. How will part-time students’ deposits be refunded?

19. What mark shows a book cannot be removed from the library?

20. What materials must be returned after one borrowing period?

Read the text below and answer Questions 21-28.

International Business Institute – Buddy Peer Support Scheme

Think back to your first days and weeks in a new country. Were there times when you had questions that you wished you could ask a friend? Or when you wanted to have a chat about how you were feeling?

To help new students, the International Business Institute (IBI) plans to set up a buddy peer support scheme. The scheme will help new students meet current students at IBI who can provide them with some friendly company during their first months in Newcastle and help them with any small problems that they may have. Often, buddies may not be able to solve the problem, but they may know who can help.

What’s in it for you?

We believe that being a buddy will be rewarding in several ways. As a volunteer, it will be personally satisfying to know that you are able to help new students. However, it will also help you to make contacts that may be valuable in your future academic and professional lives. If you are an overseas student, it will give you another opportunity to practise speaking English. Lastly and most importantly, we hope that it will be enjoyable for you to be a buddy!

Responsibilities of buddies

1. Telephone and arrange to make contact with the new student.
2. Meet the student and show him/her around the campus and the local area. Meet for coffee, perhaps. Answer questions about living in Newcastle and administration procedures at IBI. (We will give you a checklist of things to mention when we send you the new student’s name and telephone number).
   3. Arrange to meet the new student one morning or afternoon one weekend early in the semester, and take the student to places that you enjoy in Newcastle.
   4. Be prepared to take phone calls from the new student to answer further questions that he/she may have from time to time. Meet to explain information to the new student in person, if required.


5. You will be matched to an individual new student. However, if you have friends who are also buddies, you might prefer to form a support group together. This would mean that you meet the new students as a group rather than one-on-one.
   6.  Being a buddy is voluntary. There is no “requirement” to provide assistance beyond the help outlined above. However, we hope that the buddy and new students will enjoy each other’s company and continue to meet each other.

Please note that if you agree to become a peer support buddy, you will be expected to fulfil your role conscientiously and cheerfully. It will be important to be considerate and reliable so that our student can feel confident of your support.

   7.  When you agree to act as a buddy for a particular term, your commitment covers that term only. For example, if you act as a buddy for Term 2, and would prefer to be free in the following term, there is no obligation to continue as a buddy in Term 3. Of course, we hope that you will want to assist every term.

Questions 21-28

IELTS General Reading Practice Test 41 With Answers

Look at the statements below. In boxes 21-28 on your answer sheet write

    TRUE    if the statement is true
    FALSE    if the statement is false
    NOT GIVEN    if the information is not given in the passage

21. The main aim of the Buddy Peer Support Scheme is to help new students during exam periods.
22. Students will be put in touch with others from their own language group.
23. The principal reward for the buddy is making new friends.
24. The buddy is responsible for making the first move to meet the new student.
25. Buddies need to work one on one with the student in their care.
26. Buddies will be paid a small allowance.
27. The buddy’s obligations finish at the end of each term.
28. Buddies are required to attend two meetings per term.

Section 3

Question 29-40

IELTS General Reading Practice Test 41 With Answers

You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 29-40 which are based on the text below.

Read the text below and answer Questions 29-40.

How Babies Learn Language

During the first year of a child’s life, parents and carers are concerned with its physical development; during the second year, they watch the baby’s language development very carefully. It is interesting just how easily children learn a language. Children who are just three or four years old, who cannot yet tie their shoelaces, are able to speak in full sentences without any specific language training.

The current view of child language development is that it is an instinct – something as natural as eating or sleeping. According to experts in this area, this language instinct is innate – something each of us is born with. But this prevailing view has not always enjoyed widespread acceptance.


In the middle of last century, experts of the time, including a renowned professor at Harvard University in the United States, regarded child language development as the process of learning through mere repetition. Language “habits” developed as young children had rewarded for repeating language correctly and ignored or punished when they used incorrect forms of language. Over time, a child, according to this theory, would learn a language much like a dog might learn to behave properly through training.


Yet even though the modern view holds that language is instinctive, experts like Assistant Professor Lise Eliot have convinced that the interaction a child has with its parents and caregivers is crucial to its developments. The language of the parents and caregivers act as models for the developing child. In fact, a baby’s day-to-day experience is so important that the child will learn to speak in a manner very similar to the model speakers it hears.

Given that the models’ parents provide are so important, it is interesting to consider the role of “baby talk” in the child’s language development. Baby talk is the language produced by an adult speaker who is trying to exaggerate certain aspects of the language to capture the attention of a young baby.


Dr Roberta Golinkoff believes that babies benefit from baby talk. Experiments show that immediately after birth babies respond more to infant-directed talk than they do to adult-directed talk. When using baby talk, people exaggerate their facial expressions, which helps the baby to begin to understand what is being communicated.

She also notes that the exaggerated nature and repetition of baby talk helps infants to learn the difference between sounds. Since babies have a great deal of information to process, baby talk helps. Although there is concern that baby talk may persist too long, Dr Golinkoff says that it stops being used as the child gets older, that is, when the child is better able to communicate with the parents.


Professor Jusczyk has made a particular study of babies” ability to recognise sounds and says they recognise the sound of their own names as early as four and a half months. Babies know the meaning of Mummy and Daddy by about six months, which is earlier than had previously believed. By about nine months, babies begin recognizing frequent patterns in language. A baby will listen longer to the sounds that occur frequently, so it is good to frequently call the infant by its name.


An experiment at Johns Hopkins University in the USA, in which researchers went to the homes of 16 nine-month-olds, confirms this view. The researchers arranged their visits for ten days out of a two week period. During each visit, the researcher played an audio tape that included the same three stories.

The stories included odd words such as “python” or “hornbill”, words that were unlikely to be encountered in the babies’ everyday experience. After a couple of weeks during which nothing was done, the babies were brought to the research lab, where they listened to two recorded lists of words. The first list included words heard in the story. The second included similar words, but not the exact ones that were used in the stories.


Jusczyk found the babies listened longer to the words that had appeared in the stories, which indicated that the babies had extracted individual words from the story. When a control group of 16 nine-month-olds, who had not heard the stories, listened to the two groups of words, they showed no preference for either list.


This does not mean that the babies actually understand the meanings of the words, just the sound patterns. It supports the idea that people are born to speak, and have the capacity to learn language from the day they are born. This ability is enhanced if they have involved in a conversation. And, significantly, Dr Eliot reminds parents that babies and toddlers need to feel they are communicating. Clearly, sitting in front of the television is not enough; the baby must be having an interaction with another speaker.

Questions 29-34

IELTS General Reading Practice Test 41 With Answers

Complete the summary below.

Choose no more than THREE WORDS AND/OR NUMBERS from the passage.

Write answers in boxes 29-34 on your answer sheet.

The study of 29 ………………. in very young children has changed considerably in the last 50 years. It has been established that children can speak independently at age 30 ………………., and that this ability is innate. The child will, in fact, follow the speech patterns and linguistic behaviour of its carers and parents who act as 31 ……………….

Babies actually benefit from “baby talk”, in which adults 32 ………………. both sounds and facial expressions. Babies’ ability to 33 ………………. sound patterns rather than words comes earlier than was previously thought. It is very important that babies are included in 34 ………………. .

Questions 35-40

IELTS General Reading Practice Test 41 With Answers

Do the following statements agree with the views of the writer in the passage “How babies learn language”?

In boxes 35-40 on your answer sheet write

    YES    if the statement agrees with the views of the writer
    NO    if the statement contradicts the views of the writer
    NOT GIVEN    if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

35.  Children can learn their first language without being taught.
36.  From the time of their birth, humans seem to have an ability to learn languages.
37.  According to experts in the 1950s and ’60s, language learning is very similar to the training of animals.
38.  Repetition in language learning is important, according to Dr Eliot.
39.  Dr Golinkoff is concerned that “baby talk” is spoken too much by some parents.
40.  The first word a child learns to recognise is usually “Mummy” or “Daddy”.

General Reading Test 40 With Answers